Whiplash Injury

Dr. Nabil Ebraheim has treated many different injuries during his 30 years at The University of Toledo Medical Center. Dr. Nabil Ebraheim sees many patients that have been involved in motor vehicle accidents. Many of these patients present with whiplash.

Sudden acceleration and deceleration force causes unrestrained, rapid forward and backward movement of the head and neck. With a whiplash injury, there is injury to the soft tissues in the neck including ligaments, tendons, muscles, and discs. Whiplash is typically not a life threatening injury, but can lead to a prolonged period of partial disability. Whiplash is most frequently caused by motor vehicle accidents; but may occur due to sports activities. Women are more likely to experience whiplash because a woman’s neck is usually nor as strong as the neck of a man.

Most patients experience neck pain, tenderness and stiffness. Injuries to the muscles and ligaments result in muscle spasms. Most whiplash symptoms develop within 24 hours of the injury and may include the following: dizziness, fatigue, blurred vision, neck pain, difficulty concentrating, memory loss, problems sleeping, and irritability. When examining the patient, inspect the patient’s posture and neck. Palpate for areas of tenderness such as the cervical spinous processes, paraspinal muscles, and anterior soft tissues. The patient should demonstrate the range of cervical motion within pain tolerance. There should be a complete neurologic examination, and x-rays and MRIs may be needed.

Managing the pain should begin with immobilization of the neck with a soft cervical collar for 2 – 3 weeks. Wearing the soft cervical collar, especially at night, may help with the muscle spasms. Ice therapy and physical therapy can be helpful. Pain medication, muscle relaxants and neck massages can also help to manage the pain. If psychological symptoms develop, treatment of the condition is recommended.

If the pain and disability exceeds three months, then the condition tends to linger. The majority of patients will have mild pain that will disappear in a few days. About 50 % of patients will have remaining symptoms of some sort, especially residual neck pain and headaches.


An Overview of the Castle Connolly America’s Top Doctors Program

Castle Connolly America’s Top Doctors award
Castle Connolly America’s Top Doctors award


A board-certified orthopedic surgeon with over three decades of experience, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim serves as the chairman and a professor in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at the University of Toledo Medical Center. Over the course of his career, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim has received many accolades for his work, including the Castle Connolly America’s Top Doctors award.

Administered by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd. (CCML), the America’s Top Doctors award program recognizes physicians who are leaders in their fields and dedicated to professional excellence. In addition to highlighting the work of outstanding medical professionals, the Top Doctors program helps connect consumers with the best health care available in their communities.

CCML bases its Top Doctors selections on an extensive survey process that invites thousands of physicians across the country to nominate their peers for the program. Each year, the organization’s physician-led research team reviews nearly 100,000 nominations through a process that examines each nominee’s education, training, certifications, and professional achievements.

CCML also reviews the nominees’ disciplinary and malpractice history before making its final selections. Those physicians whose records stand above the rest are included in CCML’s annual list of Top Doctors, which is published in the Castle Connolly Guides and on the organization’s website.

The AAOS Annual Meeting Attracts Thousands of Medical Professionals

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons pic
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Image: aaos.org

Since 1998, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim has served as the chairman of the University of Toledo Medical Center’s Department of Orthopedic Surgery. An involved medical professional, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim maintains memberships with several organizations, including the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

In its efforts to advance the knowledge and skills of orthopedic surgeons and other members of the medical community, AAOS oversees a variety of musculoskeletal education programs and activities, including webinars and online lectures, live courses, and conferences. The organization’s most popular education offering is the AAOS Annual Meeting, which attracts over 12,000 orthopedic surgeons from around the world each year.

More than 14,500 medical professionals attended the 2016 AAOS Annual Meeting, which was held March 1-5 in Orlando. Over the course of the five-day event, attendees had the opportunity to take part in an education program comprising symposia, lectures, paper presentations, and scientific exhibits on a range of topics. The meeting also featured networking activities and more than 700 technical exhibits showcasing the latest orthopedic products and services.

The next AAOS Annual Meeting will be held March 14-18, 2017, in San Diego. AAOS members can request a packet containing a registration form, housing information, and other details about the event on the AAOS website. For more information, visit www.aaos.org.

Bone Infection – Causes and Symptoms

Dr Nabil Ebraheim

With almost thirty years of experience as an orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim has made numerous contributions to his field, including over four hundred published papers and several significant refinements on surgical and therapeutic techniques. Recently, Dr. Nabil Ebraheim’s attention has been turned to the treatment of osteomyelitis, or infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis is the result of either a fungal or bacterial infection of the bone marrow, and can cause permanent damage to the bone without treatment.

These infections of the bone can be transmitted by the blood or can enter through a deep wound or surgical site. Staphylococcus bacteria is a particularly common cause of bone infections since it can be present on the skin without causing any problems. The age of the patient appears to be a factor, as children usually experience bone infections in the long bones in their arms and legs, while adults typically get infections in their hips, spine, or feet. Though the infection is in the bone, symptoms can be felt throughout the body, since abscesses are often produced in the surrounding tissues, and swollen bone marrow can cut off blood flow to the bone itself. Fevers, chills, and a general feeling of irritability can result, and redness, swelling, and soreness can occur in the skin and tissue surrounding the infection.

A doctor can diagnose a bone infection through the testing of blood as well as tissue samples, but detection may require an X-ray MRI scan, or bone biopsy. Once diagnosed, treatments may be as simple as antibiotics taken orally, though a severe infection may require injections. In the most extreme cases, surgery may be needed to remove infected tissue. In any event, treatment will likely be aggressive, because a bone infection can eventually become so serious as to require an amputation if treatment is begun too late.